A historical survey of science and technology. Principal topics include science and technology in prehistory, Egyptian and Babylonian science and culture, Greek science, Medieval technology and science, the Scientific Revolution, the making of the modern physical science, Darwin, and the Darwinian Revolution.
This course surveys the origins and significance of technological developments in American history from the first settlements to the present. It emphasizes the social, cultural, political, and economic significance of technology in American history.
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the United States was fundamentally transformed. This course examines the nationís genesis as an industrial and economic power and societyís adaptation to the industrial age. It also considers the impact of industrialism on such historical problems as technological change, economic development, race and gender relations, political participation, reform movements, urbanization, immigration, imperialism, and globalization.
An introduction to arguments about the relationship between computing and society, the impact of computing activities on social relationships, and the evolution of institutions to regulate computer-mediated activities.
This course takes a thematic approach to the history of technology in the modern era.Topics may include the study of invention, innovation, and standardization; industrial research and development; technological systems; transnational exchanges: histories of gender, labor, and race: and the emergence of a global 'Network Society.'
An in depth survey of the history of science and technology from the Industrial Revolution to the present. Themes include the relationship between science and technology, the emergence of industrial research, the concept of a technological system, the history of innovation policy, and the uneven development of global capitalism. In addition to lectures on the history of science, technology, and industry, class discussions will develop skills in reading and interpreting a variety of primary and secondary sources. Students will learn research skills and gain familiarity with library, archival, and online collections by designing and completing a research project and paper.
This course examines the politics and morality of science and technology.It uses an interdisciplinary perspective, known as Science and Technology Studies(STS), that includes anthropology, history, philosophy, and sociology. It begins by exploring the history of the field, which arose from scientists' concerns about nuclear arms, atomic energy, and environmental degradation. It will introduce basic concepts such as social construction and technological determinism. Topics will include social studies of scientific community, the pursuits of objectivity, how politics and values are built into technologies, and perceptions of technological and environmental risk. The course emphasizes conceptual tools that students can apply in their own encounters with technology.
This course explores key issues in public policies that shape scientific and technological activity. Course themes include: the historical origins of American and international science and technology policy; the complex relationship between science, technology, and democracy; forms of adversarial and promotional regulation; and scientific controversies in the recent past and present. Students will finish the semester with a project in which they apply theoretical insights from science and technology studies to the analysis of complex public policy questions.
School: College of Arts & Letters
Research & Education
The Johns Hopkins University Ph.D. History of Science and Technology, 2007 University of Colorado at Boulder M.A. History, 2003 Vassar College B.A. History, 1996
History of Science and Technology; US History 1880-present; Business and Economic History; History of Information and Communication Technologies
- History Fellowship, Association for Computing Machinery, 2011 and 2013. - History Fund Grant Award, American Society for Information Science and Technology, 2010. - IEEE Fellowship in Electrical History, 2008-2009. - Post Doctoral Fellowship, John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute, Duke University, 2007-2008. - Commended Paper, International Electrotechnical Commission Centenary Challenge, 12/2006. - First place, World Standards Day Paper Competition, 10/2006. - The Adelle and Erwin Tomash Fellowship in the History of Information Processing, Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota, 2006-2007. - Business History Conference Newcomen Dissertation Colloquium, 6/2006. - Department of Interdisciplinary Telecommunications Graduate Fellowship, University of Colorado at Boulder, 9/2002.
- American Historical Association - Business History Conference - History of Science Society - Organization of American Historians - Society for the History of Technology
Andrew L. Russell. (2012). "Bancroft Gherardi and the Monopoly Bell System: Pioneers in Information Technology Standardization", International Perspectives on the History of Information Science and Technology, Toni Carbo and Trudi Bellardo Hahn, Medford, New Jersey: American Society for Information Science & Technology.
Andrew L. Russell. (2011). "Constructing Legitimacy: the W3Cís Patent Policy", Opening Standards: The Global Politics of Interoperability, Laura DeNardis, MIT Press.
Andrew L. Russell. (2006). "Industrial Legislatures: The American System of Standardization", International Standardization as a Strategic Tool, Geneva: International Electrotechnical Commission. IEC Centenary Challenge .
Andrew L. Russell. (2005). "Standardization in History: A Review Essay with an Eye to the Future", The Standards Edge: Future Generations, Sherrie Bolin, Ann Arbor: Sheridan Books. 247-260. Download chapter .
Andrew L. Russell. (2012). "Standards, Networks, and Critique", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 34 (3).
Andrew L. Russell. (2012). "Modularity: An Interdisciplinary History of an Ordering Concept", Information & Culture: A Journal of History, 47 (3).
Andrew L. Russell. (2009). "'Industrial Legislatures': Consensus Standardization in the Second and Third Industrial Revolutions", Enterprise & Society, 10 (4).
Andrew L. Russell. (2008). "Standardization Across the Boundaries of the Bell System, 1920-1938", Graeme Gooday and James Sumner, History of Technology, 28.
Andrew L. Russell. (Jun 2008). "Dot-Org Entrepreneurship: Weaving a Web of Trust", Enterprises et Histoire, 51.
Andrew L. Russell. (Jul 2006). "'Rough Consensus and Running Code' and the Internet-OSI Standards War", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 28 (3), 48-61. article on IEEE website .
Andrew L. Russell. (Jan 2006). "Telecommunications Standards in the Second and Third Industrial Revolutions", The Journal of the Communications Network, 5 (1), 100-106. Download article .