Although the following list does present all federal agencies and their associated regulations as they pertain to Export Control circumstances; the Departments of State, Commerce and Treasury have been invested with the preponderance of responsibility by the federal government. These agencies and their export control regulations most commonly associated with research activity at academic institutions in the U.S. are the following:
- “Deemed Exports”– What are they? When do they apply? Does it matter? An export of technology or source code (except encryption source code) is “deemed” to take place when it is released to a foreign national within the United States. Technology is “released” for export when it is available to foreign nationals for visual inspection (such as reading technical specifications, plans, blueprints etc); when technology is exchanged orally; or when technology is made available by practice or application under the guidance of persons with knowledge of the technology.
- “Denied Persons List”– list of names to whom export privileges are denied by written order of the Department of Commerce<
- “Entity List”– list of names of certain foreign persons (including businesses, research institutions, government and private organizations, individuals and other types of legal persons) that are subject to specific license requirements for the export, re-export and/or transfer of specified items<
- “Unverified List”– names and countries of foreign persons who in the past were parties to a transaction with respect to which BIS could not conduct a pre-license checks or post-shipment verification<