Introduction to meteorology presents a cogent explanation of the fundamentals of atmospheric dynamics. The course begins with a discussion of the Earth's atmospheric system, including global circulation, climate, and the greenhouse effect. The basic conservation laws and the applications of the basic equations of motion are discussed in the context of synoptic scale meteorology. The thermodynamics of the atmosphere are derived based on the equation of state of the atmosphere, with specific emphasis on adiabatic and pseudo-adiabatic motions. The concept of atmospheric stability is presented, in terms of the moist and dry lapse rate. The influence of the planetary boundary layer on atmospheric motions is presented with emphasis on topographic and open ocean frictional effects, temperature discontinuity between land and sea, and the generation of sea breezes. The mesoscale dynamics of tornadoes and hurricanes are discussed, as well as the cyclogenesis of extratropical coastal storms. The course makes use of a multitude of web-based products, including interactive learning sites, weather forecasts from the National Weather Service (NWS), tropical predictions from the National Hurricane Center, and NWS model outputs (AVN, NGM, ETA, and WAM).
Schaefer School of Engineering & Science
Civil, Environmental and Ocean Engineering
Center for Secure and Resilient Maritime Commerce
Research & Education
Ph.D., Physical Oceanography, Oregon State University, 2000
M.S., Applied Mathematics, University of Arizona, 1993
B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Macalester College, 1991
SPECIALIZED RESEARCH EXPERIENCE:
Philippines Straits Dynamics Experiment on the R/V Melville (22 January – 1 February 2008); designed ship sampling strategies using real-time ocean and atmosphere regional operational forecasts and assisted with CTD casts
Chief Scientist: Arnold Gordon, Columbia University
Urban Dispersion Program (August 2005); implemented field plan for tracer release study in midtown Manhattan, including deploying assets on rooftops, and incorporated real-time atmospheric forecasts into the planning.
Chief Scientist: Jerry Allwine, Pacific Northwest National Lab
Experience & Service
Member, program committee, Gordon Research Conference on Coastal Ocean Modeling, 2011
Member, program committee, 2nd International Waterside Security Conference, Italy, 2010
Member, program committee, Gordon Research Conference on Coastal Ocean Modeling, 2007
Member, management team for the Department of Homeland Security Urban Dispersion Program tracer release field experiment in midtown Manhattan, August 2005
Member, external evaluation committee for Top Officials 2 Full Scale Exercise (TOPOFF-2 simulated radiological and biological releases in Chicago and Seattle to test federal, state and local agency preparedness).
Advisor, graduate student Talmor Meir, Stevens Institute of Technology, 2009-
Member, Ph.D. committee for graduate student Antonio Martinho, oceanography department, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, 2001-2003
Dr. Julie Pullen is Director of the Stevens-led Department of Homeland Security (DHS) National Center of Excellence in Maritime Security.The Center examines basic science issues and emerging technologies to improve the security of ports as well as coastal and offshore operations.In her research projects she employs ultra high-resolution coupled ocean-atmosphere modeling in order to understand and forecast the dynamics of coastal urban regions throughout the world. Her expertise encompasses study of the Mediterranean, U.S. east and west coasts and Pacific island regions, with a particular emphasis on predicting chemical, biological, and radiological (CBR) dispersion in coastal cities in the event of a terrorist or accidental release.
She was a principal investigator on a Department of Homeland Security project to improve prediction of CBR dispersion in New York City by integrating multi-scale modeling of air, sea, and buildings. Additionally, Dr. Pullen was a member of the management team for the midtown Manhattan 2005 Urban Dispersion Program tracer release study, the largest of its kind in the U. S.
Dr. Pullen pioneered the two-way coupling of a high-resolution mesoscale atmosphere and ocean model for realistic applications in the coastal zone and published several award-winning research articles detailing the superior forecasts of both realms that resulted from coupling the models. This work formed the foundation and motivation for the transition of a state-of-the-art, high-resolution, globally relocatable coupled ocean, atmosphere, and wave model into operational use for diverse applications such as mission planning by the Navy SEALs. She was named to an Office of Naval Research scientific steering committee to conduct modeling and measurements (including six oceanographic research cruises) focused on the Philippines. As part of that effort, she oversees and interprets operational ocean and atmosphere forecasts of the region for use in fieldwork planning, execution and analysis.
She was the co-chair of the 2010 Ocean Sciences meeting convened jointly by the American Geophysical Union (AGU), The Oceanography Society (TOS) and the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO), drawing together ~5000 oceanographers worldwide.She also served as a member of the scientific committee of the 2nd International Waterside Security Conference.As the chair of the Coastal Environment Committee of the American Meteorological Society, she was lead organizer of the 7th Conference on Coastal Atmospheric and Oceanic Prediction and Processes that met jointly at her initiative with the 7th Symposium on the Urban Environment.
Dr. Pullen is an adjunct research scientist and past Marie Tharp visiting fellow at Columbia University’s Earth Institute. She was a science fellow at Stanford's Center for International Security and Cooperation where she was a member of the external evaluation committee for the national Top Officials 2 Full Scale Exercise (TOPOFF-2). She was also the first undergraduate intern at the Santa Fe Institute.
Achievements & Professional Societies
Honors & Awards
Marie Tharp Visiting Fellowship, Earth Institute, Columbia University, 2008-2009
Alan Berman Outstanding Research Publication Award (as lead author), Naval Research Laboratory, 2003 & 2007
Science Fellowship, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, 2002-2003